Tuesday, April 27, 2010

Pencegahan Penularan Wabak H1N1

Langkah-langkah Pencegahan Penularan Wabak H1N1
Dalam hal ini, Dr. Abd Rahman menasihatkan orang ramai meneruskan langkah-langkah pencegahan H1N1 seperti yang diuar-uarkan sebelum ini.

Antara perkara yang perlu dilakukan bagi mengurangkan penularan jangkitan ini adalah:

* Social distancing iaitu menjarakkan kedudukan sekurang-kurangnya 1 meter dengan individu lain serta meminimumkan majlis perjumpaan.

* Adab batuk yang baik (cough etiquette) .

* Kebersihan tangan dengan mencuci cara betul dan lebih kerap.

* Pengudaraan dalam rumah yang baik.

* Kes-kes berkomplikasi atau berisiko tinggi perlu dapat rawatan di hospital. Pendekatan ini akan memastikan impak negatif penularan pandemik dapat diminimumkan.

* Individu yang mempunyai gejala ringan, serta tiada masalah kesihatan, boleh dirawat di rumah. Mereka perlu berehat dan hanya perlu ke klinik atau hospital apabila gejala menjadi lebih berat atau demam tidak reda selepas dua hari.

* Individu yang bergejala perlu memakai mask termasuk mereka yang berisiko tinggi seperti pesakit asma, obesiti, ibu mengandung, diabetes, dan penyakit kronik paru-paru bila perlu ke tempat awam yang sesak atau ramai orang.

* Majikan dan institusi perlu memantau kehadiran pekerja/ anak murid mereka termasuk mereka yang tidak hadir bertugas atau sekolah kerana sakit.

* Kejadian kes simptom influenza perlu dilaporkan segera kepada Pejabat Kesihatan Daerah yang terdekat.

Dr. Abd Rahman memberitahu, langkah-langkah pencegahan ini perlu diteruskan. namun, masih ada yang lupa hingga mereka lalai tentang risiko jangkitan wabak tersebuti.

Misalnya, golongan ibu mengandung adalah yang berisiko tinggi.

Ini disebabkan lebih mudah mendapat selesema dan jangkitan mereka lebih teruk dan berkomplikasi.

Berikut merupakan golongan yang berisiko dijangkiti wabak ini:

* Kanak -kanak berumur kurang lima tahun.

* Warga tua berumur lebih 65 tahun.

* Wanita hamil.

* Pesakit yang menghidapi penyakit kronik seperti Asma, Kencing manis, Kegagalan buah pinggang, Pesakit yang ambil ubat steroid berpanjangan.

* Orang yang obes.

“Bagi ibu mengandung dan berisiko tinggi, elakkan pergi ke tempat orang ramai. Jika perlu membuat pemeriksaan kandungan di hospital, pakailah topeng muka. Selain itu, wanita mengandung serta keluarga perlu mengamal adab kebersihan yang baik. Misalnya, sentiasa membasuh tangan apabila bersiar-siar, di rumah, ke tandas awam dan sebagainya,” ujar beliau.

Walaupun terdapat vaksin atau rawatan H1N1, orang ramai digalakkan untuk melakukan langkah-langkah pencegahan.

Menurut Dr. Abd Rahman kini sudah ada vaksin khusus untuk melindungi diri daripada H1N1.

Antara kumpulan sasar berkeutamaan (sumber Kementerian Kesihatan) pemberian vaksin H1N1 ialah:


* Wanita hamil (18+ minggu kehamilan)..

* Pesakit yang mengalami kegagalan buah pinggang dan menjalani rawatan dialisis.

* Pesakit yang menghidapi penyakit kronik.

* Individu dengan morbid obesiti (iaitu BMI > 35 kilogram/m2) dan/atau menghidapi sebarang penyakit kronik.

* Orang awam yang berkehendakkan dengan tujuan (pengembara).

Oleh kerana bekalan vaksin yang terhad, maka pemberian dilakukan mengikut pendekatan first come, first serve. Penilaian klinikal yang dijalankan oleh pegawai perubatan yang merawat akan diambil kira bagi menentukan kesesuaian seseorang individu bagi menerima vaksin.

Selain itu, pesakit juga akan diberikan ubat anti virus,” jelasnya.

Buat masa ini terdapat dua jenis ubat antiviral iaitu oseltamivir (Tamiflu®) dan zanamivir (Relenza®) yang boleh digunakan untuk merawat penyakit ini. Ubat ini diberikan kepada pesakit-pesakit berisiko tinggi yang ada gejala demam selesema dan juga pesakit yang di sahkan ada penyakit demam selesema influenza A H1N1.

Dalam pada itu, Dr. Abd Rahman menasihatkan orang ramai sentiasa berwaspada, beringat dan elakkan daripada mengunjungi tempat berisiko tinggi.

“Jika anda demam dan batuk atau sakit tekak serta hidung berair, hidung tersumbat, sakit otot, sakit kepala, menggigil (chills) dan keletihan, yang juga dikenali sebagai gejala influenza-like-illness (ILI) seharusnya anda perlu berjumpa dengan doktor segera terutama bagi yang tergulung dalam yang berisiko tinggi bagi doktor mengesahkan jangkitan H1N1 dan rawatan. Juga bagi mereka yang berisiko tinggi, sebaiknya dapatkanlah vaksin untuk melindungi dari jangkitan virus H1N1. Orang ramai juga perlu mengamalkan kesihatan diri yang baik, mengamalkan etika batuk serta bersin dengan mengunakan perlindungan tisu atau sapu tangan. Kemudian, anda perlu kerap membasuh tangan dengan air dan sabun atau cecair sanitizer selepas menyentuh mulut dan hidung sebelum menyentuh permukaan lain. Sama juga basuh tangan selepas menyentuh permukaan lain sebelum menyentuh muka kita. Jika anda mendapati seseorang itu mempunyai gejala ILI jarakkan diri dengan mereka sekurang-kurangnya satu meter. Sekiranya anda demam, anda boleh makan ubat demam, minum air banyak dan berehat dan jika tidak reda dalam dua hari atau menjadi lebih teruk jumpa doktor cepat,” ujarnya.

Ditulis oleh:Rabiatul Adawiyah Koh AbdullahDipetik dari:http://www.utusan.com.my/

Wednesday, April 21, 2010

忍无可忍

要我怎么忍。不想生气,可是今天终于忍不下去了。书真的很难教。要求学的越来越少。功课给了都不做,不是没给时间做。我每天都感到非常的失败,没用。头很痛,唉,日子以后不知要怎么过!

Saturday, April 17, 2010

爸爸的故事(二) 之生日

爸爸的生日:在我们七个姐弟妹们来说,我们没有这一种习惯。不过,在我的印象中,有一次姐姐买了蛋糕跟爸爸庆祝, 那时我还小,还没有上学。住在472号码的屋子。是个木屋,下大雨时,还会淹水。爸爸生日那天(应该是吧!),我记得我躲在房间偷看。不知为什么我哭了。给姐姐骂,她说应该高兴。我也不知道为什么?过后,就在没有印象给爸爸庆祝生日了。直到长大后,爸爸的生日,姐弟妹们都会给爸爸钱过生日,有时会买蛋糕,不过没什么印象。

Friday, April 16, 2010

爸爸的故事(一)

从今天开始会把一些对父亲大人的印象写下来。爸爸已经七十岁了。他的一生都没有好好的过。打从小时就要工作了。爸爸有上学,不过只有几年,小学没毕业。爸爸没天早起帮祖母做糕,后去卖。才去学校,放学后,到网球场去捡球。

No Peace & No Rest

Well, finally I have submitted my final draft to my supervisor today. But, it doesn't mean that I can sit back and relax. Although I would like to sleep early and wake up late but I don't think so I have the luxury to do that. My routine is on which is sleep at around 9pm with my only son then wake up at around 1 or sometimes 2am to do my work till 5am when I will started to boil water and do some cleaning before get ready to school.
Well, I have to do a presentation on school profile with all information about school for the past 5 years, the achievement in academic, sports, etc. Haven't look in to it but would like to get it done as soon as possible so that I can concentrate on other things like my viva, my son and especially now my father; his condition is getting worst, and we are worry about him. He started to dream about my mum who deceased 14 years ago. He never dream about my mum for 14 years. For Chinese, we believed that it is not a good sign. Will try to go back home more often to visit him.

What is this?

this is a normal scenario in school everyday
the students can sit down with all the garbage and rubbish as it is not there

Dream House

just noticed that one of the bungalows beside the school have swimming pool. What a home to have. Can't take my eyes off it.

Tuesday, April 13, 2010

Life is Getting Tough

Slept only 4 hours, felt so tired. I even took a 5 minutes rest at school till I didn't notice that my student is sitting beside waiting to ask me for dictionary. I gave 5K students BM grammar as homework as Monday is holiday ( 3 sheets of working papers with around 40 questions). It is the best time to drill them on that matter. It was okay today. I did feel glad that they don't grumble as much. One of the student said Thank you to me. I don't think so they have to do exercises whenever there is any public holidays.

Well, the scenario is totally different in the other class. The moment I step in the class, there are students request that I don't teach today with all sort of absurd excuses, blaming the weather is too hot to study. I have to yell as the surrounding and there are students who keep on chit chatting although been warned for few times, those who wanted to study keep asking to continue and dun bother those annoyed students. I just can't stand their attitude anymore, if only I could just teach those who wanted to study and left those. I feel that I failed to be a teach as I can't teach, they prefer to copy, they don't want me to talk. It is like copying is their way of getting homework done. They will waiting for the answer, they won't even bother to try. It is like the teacher asking questions and answering the questions ( sound so stupid).

When I confronted them, they were saying that I should be happy as they attended my class. Should I? They told me that they don't even bother to enter other teacher's class. I only hope that they listen to me not giving me "face" to stay in the class and chit chat away.

Today, there is an tournament going on in the school compound. Lot of students are absent and in some classes, the room is empty, the students truant to go and watch the match even though they have been warned not to do that. No action taken so far and tomorrow is the final matches. Students have been telling me that they won't come to school. How am I going to survive in such an environment?

Monday, April 5, 2010

Chin Beng

I should have go back home for Chin Beng as I didn't go home to visit my mum for years already. My sisters came back Saturday afternoon but they didn't go to the cemetery. Only my father will go. We visit few grave; first my mother and my grandfather and grandmother and my ancestor too. My grandmother passed away when my father is still a child. It is my grandmother's mother who took care of my father and his siblings. Only three of them. My uncle is in Pantai Remis, his wife just passed away 2 months ago. My aunt live in Singapore, she hardly come back to Malaysia after my grandfather passed away more than 10 years ago.
I am still struggling with my thesis, stayed up last night. Now, while waiting for my car to be serviced I am sitting in the customer lounge with my thesis draft and my laptop. Will try to finish editing by today and compile everything by this week, but I have problems with my chapter 6, normally thesis consist of 5 chapter, mine have 6. Headache....

Sunday, April 4, 2010

老了

昨天从两点半开始改正论文到五点,后就开始清洗到七点,八点上菜市场。回到家九点多,就开始处理买回来的菜,后开始煮孩子的午餐。时间已是下午十二点半,带孩子去打包午餐。回来时,喂孩子吃午餐时,我已经不能坐直了,我的背很痛。撑着。一直到三点时给孩子睡午觉,自己躺下睡着了。一觉到七点。到现在,凌晨三点,我的背还是再痛。要怎么做功课?